The paper presents a brief reflection of the historical aspects and the main events that contributed to the evolution of scientific communication, from Ancient Greece, through the emergence of universities and their influences, to the creation of the first scientific journals until the changes that occurred in the cycle of communication with the advent of the internet. This introduction to the theme will serve as a starting point for reflecting on the new forms of production of science. Universities and their publishers need to adapt to the new forms of science production and to insert themselves in this context. We are moving increasingly towards the adoption of: open science, research data management, citizen science, pre-print repositories and thus the sharing, use and access to scientific production is expanded. It ends with questions that should be at the center of the discussions and the academic book is an important dissemination channel that needs to be rethought in the new structure of the production and dissemination of science.
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