The Brazilian scientific production has grown significantly in the last decades due to the success and growth of the postgraduate studies system. There was an increase in the number and diversity of scientific journals of the public health area in the 1990s.
The main source of government funding for national scientific journals is through grants of MCTI / CNPq / CAPES / MEC. This is direct transfer of financial resources to the scientific journals. In the period from 2000 to 2018 there was a real increase in CNPq's investments in ST ST&I actions until 2014, starting this year there was a decrease in investments, approaching the amounts invested at the beginning of the millennium. The main line of action of CNPq is the financing of scholarships in the country and abroad. Research funding accounted for less than 30% of the funds invested in this period. The publishing support is part of CNPq's line of research promotion, and among the modalities that form this line of action, it is responsible for the smallest portion of the investment. Considering the total investments made by CNPq, the portion allocated to the editorials grants is less than 1% of the total funds invested. Editorial grants represented 0.06% of the total invested resources in 2018. It should be mentioned that in the period from 2000 to 2018 there was an increase in demand for editorial grants, resulting in a restriction of the volume of resources received by each scientific journal.
The main patrons of the collective health journals are educational and research institutions and ABRASCO, which is the scientific society of the area. These institutions contribute in a variety of ways to the sustainability of journals through the financing of physical, computer or personnel infrastructure.
The absence of charge for publication of articles (APC) is a strategy of national journals to face competition with high impact foreign journals. Only two journals currently charge for the publication of articles. However, funding difficulties still persist, and journals often use supplementary publications with results from large national surveys, with rigid peer review as a complementary mechanism to finance their activities.
SciELO 20 Years Repository is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License